KAIROS Briefing Paper #18: Indigenous Peoples and Oil and Gas Development Respecting Rights, Minimizing Risks, Maximizing Benefits
Oil and gas exploration and development has been driven to the doorsteps and backyards of Indigenous communities across Canada by society’s seemingly insatiable demand for nonrenewable fossil fuels. Historically, the societies and cultures of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples have been seriously damaged by unsustainable resource exploitation practices over which they usually had little or no control. Today, Indigenous peoples are adamant that history not repeat itself. This time they are demanding that resource extraction projects be carried out in a sustainable way that respects their rights as peoples and nations with distinct cultures and identities.