Support bills to end environmental racism and make corporations accountable
The climate crisis and environmental degradation are taking their toll on communities worldwide. But some communities are impacted more than others.
For decades, polluting industries and landfill sites have ended up in Indigenous, Black, Brown and other racialized communities in Canada, burdening these communities with higher-than-normal rates of cancer, respiratory illnesses, and other chronic health problems.
These sacrifice zones extend to communities in the Global South – usually poor and often Indigenous – where Canadian mining companies operate, contaminating fresh water sources, and contributing to well-documented human rights violations (see below under Resources).
If Canada wants to live up to its reputation as a human rights defender and a just transition champion, it must end environmental racism at home and abroad once and for all.
A transition to a greener and more sustainable and just economy is both a process and a vision. It will be challenging to shift from an extractive economy to a regenerative one. The process not only involves supporting workers and communities who rely on the income from the fossil fuel industry, it involves addressing environmental racism, redressing past harms, shifting economic and political power, and upholding Indigenous rights and sovereignty. These are requirements for a transition with justice for workers, all peoples and the environment. After all, it is ultimately about transforming our relationship with the Earth and with each other.
Support the bills
Three private members bills, if enacted, will be powerful tools in the just transition process.
Environmental Racism Bill
Bill C-226: An Act respecting the development of a national strategy to assess, prevent and address environmental racism and to advance environmental justice.
Environmental racism refers to the disproportionate impacts on Indigenous, Black, and other racialized communities from polluting industries and environmental hazards, and uneven access to nature and environmental benefits.
If enacted this bill would task the Minister of Environment and Climate Change to develop a strategy that must include measures to examine the links between race, socio-economic status and environmental risk.
In February 2022, Elizabeth May (MP for Saanich-Gulf Islands) tabled the bill, which passed second reading in June. The Minister of Environment and Climate Change stated in the House of Commons that the government supports this bill. Ms. May provides details and background information on the bill, including examples of environmental racism on her webpage.
Bill C-226 passed final vote in the House of Commons on March 29. It goes to the Senate for readings, review and (hopefully) final vote before it is finally signed into law.
The bill is based on another private member’s bill (C-230), sponsored by Lenore Zann (MP for Cumberland—Colchester) and studied in the last Parliament. It died on the order paper when the election was called.
Corporate Accountability Bills
For nearly two decades civil society, labour unions, and religious groups—including KAIROS, member churches and network members— have called on the government to take action on reports of systemic human rights abuse and environmental damage linked to Canadian oil, gas and mining projects around the globe.
Indigenous and Afro-descendant women, gender diverse people, and children living near extractive projects experience social, health, environmental, economic, and political impacts most acutely. Women environmental human rights defenders—who are on the forefront of land and water protection—are routinely harassed, targeted, attacked, and even murdered for their efforts.
These are clear human rights abuses, committed under the watch of resource extraction companies worldwide, more than half of which are headquartered in Canada. For this reason, the Canadian Ombudsperson for Responsible Enterprise (CORE) was created in 2018, but, despite promises, without powers to compel documents or, in other words, without legal mechanisms to make companies accountable
In June 2021, enacting human rights and due diligence (mHREDD) law and an empowered CORE were recommended by Canada’s Subcommittee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development.
Bill C-262: An Act respecting the corporate responsibility to prevent, address and remedy adverse impacts on human rights occurring in relation to business activities conducted abroad
With Bill C-262, Canada would adopt mandatory human rights and environmental due diligence legislation. Companies would be required to identify and prevent human rights abuses and environmental harm, report any violations, and face significant consequences for violations. In addition, there is a provision in the bill that would make it easier for impacted communities to access remedy through Canadian courts. This legislation would apply to Canada-based companies abroad and transnational companies operating in Canada as well as their business partners—subsidiaries and supply chains.
Bill C-263: An Act to establish the Office of the Commissioner for Responsible Business Conduct Abroad and to make consequential amendments to other Acts
The passage of Bill C-263 would empower the Canadian Ombudsperson for Responsible Enterprise (CORE). Bill C-263 would grant the Ombudsperson the investigatory powers that were revoked from the office’s initial mandate. In its current form, the Ombudsperson’s mandate is limited to mediation services to Canada-based companies and communities—and only after an allegation passes the CORE’s requirements of credibility. The CORE deals with matters concerning the mining, oil and gas, and garment sectors.
Please urge your MP to support these bills.
There’s Something In The Water: Environmental Racism in Indigenous & Black Communities, by Ingrid R. G. Waldron
Re-thinking waste: Mapping racial geographies of violence on the colonial landscape, by Ingrid R. G. Waldron.
The ‘Canada Brand’: Violence and Canadian Mining Companies in Latin America, Osgood Legal Studies Research Paper
Testimonio: Canadian Mining in the Aftermath of Genocides in Guatemala, Between the Lines
Righting wrongs? Barrick Gold’s remedy mechanism for sexual violence in Papua New Guinea, Columbia Law School Human Rights Clinic & Harvard Law School International Human Rights Clinic
Canadian Firm Can Be Sued for Alleged Eritrea Abuses, Human Rights Watch